St Mary's Roman Catholic Basilica, opened in 1905, was once described as "the prettiest church in Australasia" and is a dominant Invercargill landmark. It was designed by the celebrated New Zealand Architect, Francis Petre. Less grand in scale and ornament than some of his churches it is nevertheless a striking building with the splendid dome more than 37m above the floor. The design consists of a Greek cross forming a very compact structure dominated by the large copper sheathed dome. Built of red brick with cream coloured arched windows, quoins and cornices, it has a crisp exterior. The fine interior has stained glass windows in the dome, including a rose window with an unusual angel design (restored 2001).